Archives - April, 2012



26 Apr 12

1 Rogrio Landmarks Dos Reis Summary To each day that passes, familiar agriculture in Brazil is conquering its space, through generation of job, distribution of income and commercialization of products with quality. In this work the profile of 18 familiar agriculturists in the region of Guaraniau PR is analyzed, with the objective to inform the reality lived for them, the faced difficulties, and which would be the strategy of production used to increase the volume of commercialized products. As result, one expects to contribute with suggestions and orientaes for the professional growth of these agricultural producers. Word key: Agricultural management; Familiar agriculture; Strategy of production. INTRODUCTION: The importance of familiar agriculture is focused in the food production, the generation of jobs and the distribution of income and land. All familiar agriculturist has in its set of practical techniques of economic, social and ambient nature coherent with its reality purpose of its system of production, use of the ground and with its essential necessities, that make compatible the familiar objectives with the environment and the productive interaction that determines to each one of them the reasons that allow to explain why they act in different ways between itself and in relation to the capitalist agriculturist (SUNDERHUS, 2008). The logic of the familiar production is centered in the diversification and integration of vegetal, animal activities, of primary transformation and rendering of services and, for working in lesser scales, can be the key for representation of a model of development of an agriculture of sustainable nature (SUNDERHUS, 2008). The objective of this article is to contribute with the strategies of production through the valuation of the local production for the familiar agriculture of Guaraniau – PR With these strategies of production, the familiar agriculturist will be able to invest more in the property, inside of the detected necessities in what it refers to the increase of the production, and commercialization of the carried through businesses and to search more knowledge in specific departments, so that he is reverted in the increase of the profitability.


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15 Apr 12

The supply costs, if unfold in some components, and depending on the used approach, the supply can have objectives that cause conflicts of the organization inside. For example, the supply is considered in many times as a fixed capital of the company in the form of materials, that is, representing a stopped investment, for however, the supplies also assume the inverse role when they are inside of speculative markets either for the increase of the price or even though for the lack of supply, what it would cause a valuation to the storaged product. The taking of decision of the amount of the purchase of a product is affected by the costs of the supply, in such a way, considers excellent for the analysis the following ones: ) Costs of rank of the order: This cost is related at the cost of ' ' reabastecimento' ' of the supply. It can be cited the cost of transport and the cost of adaptations; b) Costs of discounting of prices: The purchase in representative lots is about the disadvantage for the purchase in small lots comparative. In as in case that, it is common to get discountings while in the first case the product tends to cost more; c) Costs of supply lack: The costs can be interpreted since not the sales of a product as for not the satisfaction of the customer in not taking care of its necessities (cases that many times to tonar subjective its calculation); d) Costs of turn capital: One mentions the time of payment of the supply to the supplier and the time to it of sales, in this case the act of receiving of the capital. Front to this, the costs associates it are the costs of chance for not reinvesting the money in another place or the interests that are paid to the banks for the loan taking, for example; e) Costs of storage: They are the costs related to the value to remain the supply ' ' guardado' '. It is cited as example the location of a room, the climatization, the illumination and the security. One perceives that how much bigger the value or the conditions special of storage of the product custoso will be the supply; f) Costs of obsolescence: It is the risk of that products when storaged by much time, in reason of the volume of purchases unnecessary, they lose its value becoming obsolete as, for example, for deterioration with the time and the change of the consumer in relation to the product or even though which had to the constant technological changes; g) Costs of production inefficiency: High levels of supply hinder to inside see the complete extension of problems of the production.

The proportional and inversely even though independent costs can in such a way be proportional to the supply as of the same. The first one cited represents that all and any cost that grows directly with the increase of the storaged average amount. Thus the increase of the cost of capital invested with the increase of the supply or the increase of the cost due is given as example the maintenance of the same. Already as, the inversely proportional cost to the supply is those that diminish with the increase of the average supply. They are called ' ' costs of obteno' ' for bought item and ' ' costs of preparao' ' for the item manufactured internally. The independent costs are those that independem of the average supply kept by the company, as for example, the cost of the rent of a shed


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8 Apr 12

The world of the businesses is unstable, the biggest wealth of the companies is an unattachable good (the knowledge), the economy is globalizada, the business-oriented relations and work is marked by flexibility, the rhythm of the innovations defies the most shining strategies and the society demands the companies more than. In this scene who will be capable to direct a company? That qualities must have the leader of the future? How descobriz it? How to form it? Before even answering to these questions, it perhaps agrees asking in them if we must worrying in them about them. He will be that the leader of the future is of some different form of the leader of the past? Or more: he will have a leader of the future? That is an interesting question, therefore we have some leaders of the past who acted with all the characteristics that today we specify as the perfect ones for leaders of the future. Then we arrive at the conclusion that is not about a condition of time, past, gift or future, depends yes on the vision of who is in command. There we have some positive examples, as William Mcknight, an almost unknown one that almost directed 3M per 52 years and if it became celebrity and admired by the whole world entrepreneurs.

Or Bill Allen, more important executive director of the history of Boeing, was a pragmatic, afvel and shy lawyer. Already Harry Cohn, of Columbia Pictures, had the tyrant image, kept a whip close to the table and to the times he gave chicotada in the wood to emphasize its point of view. They say that the 1300 people who had appeared to its burial had not been there to say farewell themselves, but yes to certify itself of that it was really died. Then this history of leader of the future does not exist, exists yes people who do not know to lead and that more than the time she passes do not look for to adjust its methodology of work to the profile of the team that she leads.


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3 Apr 12

The target of a project could be defined of a simple form as what it will have to be it delivers to the ending of the project. Only that this is very simplrio. In the truth the target, for diverse times, has that to define what it does not have also to be made. Although curious, for diverse times not even the customer knows accurately what it desires. Then to try to understand what the customer desires and not only what it is saying what he wants is many times the key to define the target of the project.

In a project two escopos exist normally: the target of the product and the target of the project. The first one has to directly see with what it must be delivers; as directly it is related with what it must be made so that the target of the product either total reached, or in other words, the activities that will go will be executed so that the end item either delivers inside of the requirements of the customer. One of the processes most difficult of being prevented either perhaps call GOLD PLATING. That is, the promise of delivery of a functionality that was not foreseen. This, beyond diminishing the yield of the project it is one constant generating fact of insatisfao on the part of the customer because beyond ' ' not to cost nada' ' it is frequently reason for delay in the cronograma.

the form to prevent GOLD PLATING is to acquire knowledge the team, first on the real target of the project. also to show they on the risks and eventual penalties that the project can suffer in function from this practical. It is common that doubts on the target appear constantly during the project. One of the exits also of this stage of definition of the target of the project is one that I particularly consider one of most important: the management of the control of the target. A good process of control of the target of the project not only promotes the system of change control as well as a verification process of what it is or is not part of the target of the project. Because an alteration in the target of the project consequently promotes an alteration in the WBS of the project, a probable change in its line base. This can bring consequences in the area of human resources (act of contract of hand of specialized workmanship to take care of to this new demand), quality, time (line base) and consequently cost. Of one it forms summarized, if a project starts it badly necessarily does not need to finish bad. But that the management process is much more ' ' doloroso' ' , this does not remain doubt. all project starts for the area of target, certain!


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