The working environment is a place, in many cases, suitable for accidents. Own installations danger factors, together with the human element, either by the employer when not properly establishing an appropriate policy of prevention of risks; well of the worker, by their own carelessness or recklessness to the tasks of risk, they could give rise to these very unpleasant and catastrophic events. When an accident occurs, normally subsequently develops an investigation whose purpose is to determine how and why it could take place. This is essential to avoid future accidents, assuming the inclusion of new measures of prevention of risks in the company. So, as we can see, this is essential to achieve greater safety for workers. Problems to deal with when planning research the need to achieve production targets and the situation of nervousness following an accident at work can impose serious difficulties about this research activity.
On the other hand, the Company may have very limited means to investigate such incidents. This may require the establishment of an order of priorities. Certain purposes according to the real risk that the accident could reproduce in the future might arise when performing the same. It could thus distinguish between very high risks, moderately high, mild or very mild, and according them determine the detail and profusion that would be appropriate to achieve research. Other possible criteria in deciding if investigate in depth or not an accident could be its frequency or the exposure of workers to the same.
In another order of things, any investigation carried out should arise with rigor and objectivity, so as to identify with accuracy the factors that led to the possible accident and can give a solution to them. The questions raised in it is good, in order to start the research, raise a number of questions to answer. It would be questions whose answer would get through it: what happened? How? Why? Could it again be repeated in the future? What steps would you take to avoid it? The result of the process should be a detailed report which reflect the most relevant findings of the same, establishing actions to perform and measures to be taken. The result will be greater security for all and each one of the workers.