The system of Government in the Argentina adopts the representative, Republican and federal way (Constitution, Art. 1). The people elect their representatives directly. Many writers such as Hyundai offer more in-depth analysis. Forms of Government: makes reference to the division of power without having link with the territory. Republic: today means the form of Government opposed to the monarchy, in which the head of State is provided by choice, either by a vote of the electorate, or indirectly as a result of the pronouncement of the Parliament or a special electoral college. Monarchy: the Poderconcentrado in a person. Aristocracy: the power exercised by the few. Democracy: the power exercised by many.
Form of State: distribution of power based on the territory. Unit: Power centralized, is complete and is not divided. Federal: Decentralized power. There is a Central power with powers exercised from States or provinces that make up the territory. Confederal: Decentralized power. The power is in the hands of Member States delegated some powers to the Central Government, such as diets. Tools which govern the Confederacy are the Covenants.
Federated sovereigns: provinces dictate their own constitutions. Confederate: they delegate only some attributions. Member States retain rights of secession and nullification. Secession: it can separate the central power as a State apart. Nullification: can not meet any guideline ordered by the Central power. In Argentina Confederation existed from 1832 until the dictation of the 1853 Constitution and in full form when the province of Buenos Aires is integrated in the reform of the Constitution in 1860. Constituent power: the people as holder of sovereignty. You can be: originally: the first, fixed the mechanism of reform. The Constitutional Convention of 1853 and the reformer Convention of 1860. Reformers: The later, that reforming the Constitution dictated. Reforms: 1866-1898 – 1949-1957 – 1994 derivative: arises from the original, it is a relationship of command and obedience through which physics is assigned the political monopoly of force: 1st grade: national.