Biography Born

Biography Born in the coastal city of Arica, on 13 August 1755, her parents, Antonio Unanue Montalivert and Manuela Montalivert and Salgado Pavon, direct descendants of Spanish peninsular did not have great financial resources, for Instead, his father a few days before birth, had been on the edge of poverty by the loss of a boat that was his only source of income. For family ties with the clergy, Unanue prefers the priesthood as a result, traveling to Arequipa and entered the seminary of St. Jerome where she Humanities, Philosophy and Principles of Jurisprudence. Around 1777 he moved to Lima and highlights in a short time, her true inclination: Natural Sciences. He found the appropriate encouragement from his uncle, then engaging professor of anatomy, with zeal and enthusiasm to prepare for the race doctor, not very promising at the time and in the medium in which he would play live.But the need to survive at their own expense took him to register as a tutor at Don Agustin de Land buru, one of the richest landowners in the capital. Here, the young man was related Un nue are members of high society of Lima, which would extend its friendship to discover he had brilliant talents and cultivated with so much dedication and hard work, and they would later be his best customers in the practice of medicine. In 1783 he graduated from high school in medicine, taking an oath in December 1786 in the chapel of the University of San Marcos, in which teachers entering 2 years later with the chair of “Method of Medicine. Contributed to the formation of the Society of Friends of the Country (1790), whose publication, El Mercurio Peruano, start writing under the pseudonym “Aristo”. The Mercurio Peruano items are diverse and significant interest.Unanue contributes articles ideological importance as announced in the “General Idea of Peru” appeared in its first issue. Creator of Anatomical Amphitheater of the University of San Marcos and was inaugurated on 21 November 1792. This task accomplished eventually lifting him permanently in the intellectual climate of Lima. He was then one of the most respected figures among scholars of the time. The following year he was appointed Major of the United Cosmographer and publishes the “Guide to Politics, Military and Ecclesiastical of the Viceroyalty of Peru (1793 to 1797). As opposed to the theories of European naturalists about the conditions of nature in America, he published” Observations on Lima’s climate and their influence on organized beings, especially the Man “(1805), which itself was a test of intellectual maturity of Peruvians.Attentive to his poise, Viceroy Fernando de Abascal asked its board, appointed him court physician General on 29 November 1807, and provided with protection, it was realized the meaning Unanue desire to create and put into operation the School of Medicine . At first assignment was the old hospital of Santa Ana, while carrying out the construction of own building. At his own expense paid for by his party, the allocation of household goods and tools for new premises which was also the unselfish support from government, higher clergy and wealthy families and people of the capital and the country. Viceroy giving ceremony attended the ceremony, the first examinations of the course of Anatomy, Physiology and Elements of Zoology. To thank their cooperation decisive leader, was called the School of Medicine, School of San Fernando.Despite its proximity to the ruler, worked in newspapers described as “opposition” as the Peruvian and Peruvian Satellite and elected to the Cortes from Arequipa, traveled to Spain and visited the king to manage privileges required by the College of Medicine declined the title of Marquis, and he admits to only a painting of the Virgin of the Assumption that the king was in a room, and the appointment as Physician of the Royal House (1815). It achieved that by Royal Decree dated May 9, 1815 was approved the existence of the Medical College of San Fernando. Return to Lima next year to pursue their professional duties, teachers and care, but in search of rest, should be moved to Canete, where-as in 1820 – returns to the capital, called by the events that lie ahead for luck Country: next emancipation.At the request of the viceroy, served as secretary of the delegation that met in Miraflores emissaries of General Don Jos de San Mart n. Proclaimed the independence of Peru, Unanue served as minister of finance. For the new Congress is elected representative Unanue by Puno and as such Commissioner to exchange ideas with the Liberator Sim n Bol var who had just arrived.