Jump to ComentariosVirgilio Martinez Enamorado to the monumentality of the architecture Nazario, the Alhambra in front, has overshadowed its more modest manifestations, being these, even the smallest part of all that monumental. One of those parts of the whole place is the slogan of the Nazaries””””””’ (wa-la illa Allah Galib) ‘no victor but God “or the recent proposal to “God alone is sovereign” (1), divided into two forms, cufico and cursive, for all of your great monument Nazari (2). Map of the territory under the British Mandate of Palestine before the creation of the kingdom of Transjordan.
In 1914 the Ottoman Empire decided to enter the First World War and the British government began to see the Zionist movement as a potential ally in a war that seemed wrong to develop allies. By 1917, David Lloyd George and Arthur Balfour, prime minister and foreign secretary, respectively, seeking partnerships that could improve the course of the war. It was then I believe that Jews could be doubly useful, helping to hold the eastern front and stimulating the U.S. war effort. That was how was the November 2, 1917 the Balfour Declaration, by which the United Kingdom were in favor of the Zionist plan of creating a Jewish national home in Palestine. The victory over the Ottomans would leave the British government over control of Palestine in the next thirty years, as a term of the newly created League of Nations
During the 20 years the number of Jews in Palestine increased significantly: in 1922 there were 83,790 of a total population of 752,048, 156,481 in 1929 had a total population of 992,559, doubling its population in seven years. Jewish immigration was channeled through the World Zionist Organization, whose main figure was Chaim Weizmann, and linked with the Jewish Agency for Palestine, which served as a government for the Jews of Palestine by buying land and building schools and hospitals. The main figure of the organization by the mid-thirties was David Ben Gurion. The Philosophy of Ben Gurion and his colleagues was to build Zion, a Jewish nation forged. The Arabs did not have institutions like where Jews were developing because of the feudalism that still exist and that enabled the most powerful clans dominate the majority of the population, highlighting the continuing clashes between the Husseinis and Nashashibis .
Palestine was relatively quiet between 1922 and 1928, when the violence in Palestine in the form of clashes between Arabs and Jews and between the Arabs in West Jerusalem Barrier. In August 1929 the clashes ended with the massacre in Hebron, Safed and other Jewish communities in Palestine 1929. The result of these incidents was the killing of 133 Jews and 116 Arabs, and a reinterpretation of declining Balfour Declaration and the Zionist aspirations: two British Commission, under the command of Walter Shaw and John Hope-Simpson, tried to redefine the British policy in Palestine, identifying fear of Arab immigration and the purchase of land by Jewish as the main cause of the difficulties between the two communities. The recommendation of Hope-Simpson that the characteristics of the territory only admit 20,000 more Jewish immigrants led to the rejection of the Zionists. However, in February 1931, British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald wrote to Weizmann that your government did not intend to prohibit Jewish immigration, mainly because the situation in Palestine seemed to have calmed down again. However, this relative calm did not last long: the European political exchange full Arab-Israeli conflict. On January 30, 1933, Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany in March and had already secured his dictatorship.