Funerary temple of Ramses III at Medinet Habu.
Civilization of Ancient Egypt is what has endured over time in human history. The existence of gods as Horus began in the Nile delta over three thousand years before Christ and gradually fell with the Roman conquest in the first century A. C., even Christianity, in the person of Justinian I, who banned the cult of Isis in the sixth century. The period of expansion of the Egyptian Empire declined in the sixth century a. C. with Kushita Dynasty and Egypt became dependent on leaders of other empires.
The Egyptian gods are many and taking into account that some animals also worshiped as divine incarnations, are holy places by the thousands, these have come down to us the remains of hundreds, of which mention the most important and the cities where they were.
Abido town with a temple of Osiris cult and burial place of pharaohs from 3000 a. C., during Dynasties I and II, in a closed valley, near the Nile and the capital Tinis. When the capital was moved to Memphis in 2800 a. C., continued doing so symbolic, erecting cenotaphs. At the end of Dynasty V, the cult of Osiris delta moves Abid and began to place the mysteries of Osiris. For several centuries around the world wanted to be buried beside the tomb of the supposed god of the world underground, the Duato, who believed in this place, but actually was the tomb of Pharaoh Dyer, of the I dynasty.
Abuse: one of the necropolis of Memphis (with Giza, Saqqara and Abid, declared a World Heritage Site), where pyramids are important among them is the Sahur of Dynasty V, with his funerary temple, but are in pretty bad condition. The highest is the Neferirkara-Kakai of 72 meters.
Alexandria city with a temple, a center of worship Serapis, fusion of the sacred bull Apis and Osiris, in the Hellenistic period. Serapis becomes the symbol of Ptolemaida dynasty who ruled in Egypt after Alexander the Great.
Bubastis: city with a temple, a center of worship of the cat goddess Bastet, the happiness, fertility, dance and music. It is found in the necropolis of Memphis, near Saqqara. It is also called Bubasteion, and is near the pyramid of Teti.
Cocodrilopolis town with a temple, a center of worship of the crocodile god Sobek, the fertility, vegetation and life, revered in the oasis of Al Fayyum. XXI prefecture’s capital, was known in ancient Egyptian Shedet as the Greeks called it Cocodrilopolis, for the worship of the crocodile god, one of the copies was revered as a symbol of the god in the temple, and Ptolemy and Arsinoe I renamed in honor his daughter. It is now known as Medinet el-Fayum.
Colossi of Memnon: they are two giant stone statues of Pharaoh Amenhotep III, near Thebes, who presided over the entrance to a fabulous complex of funerary and cult center, disappeared today, dedicated to the pharaoh.
Dahshur: one of the necropolis of Memphis, in which the two pyramids of Seneferu, the first pharaoh of Dynasty IV, called a “diamond” and the other, known as the Red Pyramid by color, is the world’s first pyramid Face smooth. Much later, Amenemhat II, of the XII Dynasty, royal necropolis declare Dashur three pyramids were built, his, to that of Sesostris III and Amenemhat III, known as the Black Pyramid, but still impressive almost demolished.
Deir el-Bahari: sacred place situated in a valley opposite Luxor on the west bank of the Nile, where there are three important funerary temples: the Nebhepetra Pharaoh Mentuhotep II of Dynasty XI, and of Queen Hatshepsut and successor Tutmosis III of Dynasty XVIII.
Dendera town with a temple, a center of worship to Isis and Hathor. VI was the capital of the prefecture of Upper Egypt and its necropolis are important tombs of Old Empire.
Edfu: II capital of the prefecture of Egypt whose main temple was dedicated to Horus.
Elephantine Island in the Nile river in front of Aswan, where the gods were worshiped Jnum, Satet and Anuket.
ESNA: capital of the prefecture III, with a beautiful temple dedicated to Jnum, ram god worshiped in Elephantine and ESNA. The Greeks called it Latopolis.
File: former island in the Nile River, now flooded by the dam of Aswan, where Egyptian, Greek and Romans erected several temples dedicated to the goddess Isis.
Giza is the most important necropolis of the ancient Empire of Egypt, near Cairo, as it contains the three most important pyramids and large around the world, Cheops, Kefren and Micerinos of the Fourth Dynasty, besides the Great Sphinx and a number of smaller pyramids and funerary temples.
Heliopolis: with sanctuary, worship center and the Ennead of Atum heliopolitana.
Hieracompolis: capital of the prefecture III of Upper Egypt, in the delta, one of the first cities in the country, with a center of worship of Horus, is the place where the most ancient Egyptian temples.
The New Turkey: The Quiet Revolution on the Edge of Europe by Chris Morris (Paperback – 2006)