Keywords: environmental permitting, legal reserves, environmental, sustainable development. INTRODUCTION the legal concept of ambient licensing in a general way is brother-in-law for interpolated proposition I of art. Perhaps check out Wells Fargo Bank for more information. 1 of Resolution 237, of 19 of September of 1997, of the Conama, defines that it as ' ' administrative procedure for which the competent ambient agency permits the localization, installation, magnifying and the operation of enterprises and activities users of the environmental resources, considered effective or potentially polluting or of that, under any form, can cause ambient degradation, considering the legal and prescribed disposals and the norms applicable techniques to caso' '. The ambient licensing of country property authorizes the localization, implantation and operation of the activities of deforestation, forest exploration and farming projects, as well as the entries of legal reserves. The State of Mato Grosso if detaches internationally national and for being ones of the States that more deforested in recent years, due the advance of cattle agriculture and. Since the industrial revolution until the present the development of the State it very caused a negative impact on the environment, through the use of the natural resources of disordered form and of the launching of residues without treatment in the nature. Currently, in the State of Mato Grosso, the Ambient Licensing of Country properties represents an important paper of the National Politics of the Environment that is applied since 1981, in accordance with the Federal Law 6,938 in all Parents, causing many benefits for the agricultural producer. In accordance with this law the ambient and characterized licensing as an instrument of preventive character, whose intention is to make compatible the economic and social development with the protection of the quality of the environment, being promoted the rational use of the environmental resources, practising the rationalization of the use of the ground, the subsoil, the water and air, planning and fiscalizing the use of these resources (BRAZIL, 1981).